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Ruta Enoturística de la Comarca en El Puerto de Santa María

The Espartera Vineyard

A Vineyard House named after a working woman

This is the name given to women dedicated to the cultivation, harvesting or production of utensils from esparto grass, a wild plant that is closely associated with Mediterranean culture and for which an arid, chalky soil such as the albariza is very appropriate.

It was essential for making household objects and even clothing, of which there are traces dating back 6000 years, until almost the middle of the 20th century.

Between the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century, the Tovías family formed this vineyard by joining three small plots of land.

Pedro-José Biñalet (a French entrepreneur) bought it in 1758. After his death, his widow, Juana Márquez, entrusted the administration of the vineyard to the priest Sebastián Morales, who years later, in 1799, acquired it from the children of the Biñalet-Márquez couple, which is why, for a time, the estate was known as the "Viña del Cura Morales" (Vineyard of the Priest Morales).

In 1819, the estate was bought by María-Soledad Castro Brea, to whom the name La Espartera (the esparto grass weaver) probably refers, as it is years later when it appears for the first time with that name in the existing documentation; but it may also have been earlier and recovered later.

This name is not surprising because esparto grass, being economical, versatile and resistant, was closely linked to the work of the vineyard and the countryside in general to make strings for saddles and other domestic utensils.

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